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Korean J Anesthesiol. 1999 Aug;37(2):227-232. Korean. Original Article.
Jung JI , Kang PS .
Department of Anesthesiology, College of Medicine, Kon-Kuk University, Choong Ju, Korea.

BACKGROUND: The saddle block with heavy bupivacaine is confinal to the lower lumbar and sacral dermatomes. We reduced the infusion dose of bupivacaine to confine the blocked area to the perineum, and evaluated intrathecal bupivacaine with intrathecal bupivacaine and tramadol or clonidine for their anesthetic and analgesic effect in patients undergoing hemorrhoidectomy. METHODS: Sixty patients (ASA I - II, aged 20 to 55) scheduled for hemorrhoidectomy were divided into three groups. We gave a 0.2 ml placebo (0.9% normal saline) in the control group (n = 20), 0.2 ml tramadol (10 mg) in the tramadol group, and 0.2 ml clonidine (50 microgram) in the clonidine group (n = 20) intrathecally 1 minute after saddle block with 0.5% heavy bupivacaine 2 mg. We compared the effects of the sensory and motor blocks by using the analgesic time and the degree of anal relaxation and the side effects. RESULTS: The analgesic time was greater in the tramadol group than is the control group (P < 0.05), and in the clonidine group if was group then in the tramadol group (P < 0.05) and the control group (P< 0.01). Anal relaxation for hemorrhoidectomy in the tramadol group and the clonidine group was better than that of the control group. The incidence of paresthesia of the foot in the clonidine group (n = 16) was higher than in tramadol group (n = 3) and the control group (n = 1) (P < 0.01). The incidence of patients with urinary retention was significantly lower in the control group than in the tramadol group (n = 3) and the clonidine group (n = 4). CONCLUSIONS: Both bupivacaine 2 mg with tramadol and clonidine were efficient in hemorhoidectomy provided good conditions for hemorhoidectomy.

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