Journal Browser Advanced Search Help
Journal Browser Advanced search HELP
Korean J Anesthesiol. 1997 Aug;33(2):237-242. Korean. Original Article.
Ryu TG , Kim JS , Lee MK , Park YC , Lim SH , Choi YS , Yoon SM .
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Long-term phenytoin therapy induces resistance to the neuromuscular blocking effects of metocurine, atracurium, doxacurium, and pipecuronium. This study examine neuromuscu-lar blocking effect and recovery of mivacurium in isolated rat phrenic-hemidiaphragm with two-weeks phenytoin pretreatment. METHOD: After the administration of 14 days of phenytoin 40 mg/kg, administered intraperitoneally twice daily (n=10), ED90, antagonism of neostigmine and 4-aminopyridine on the electrically evoked twitch response and train-of-four (TOF) stimulation were compared to control groups in isolated rat phrenic-hemidiaphragm preparation. RESULTS: ED90 was significantly greater in the phenytoin group than in the control group (319 +/- 39.5 g vs. 209.5 +/- 52.2 g, respectively). After the administration of neostigmine 0.75 M, the recovery of the single twitch and TOF ratio were significantly lesser in the phenytoin group than in the control group (single twitch; 19.6 +/- 6.6% vs. 69.2 +/- 9.4%, TOF ratio; 0.258 +/- 0.149 vs. 0.543 +/- 0.1, respectively). After the administration of 4-aminopyridine 40uM, the recovery of the single twitch and TOF ratio were no significant differrence between the phenytoin group and the control group (twitch; 118.1 +/- 25.3% vs. 122.6 +/- 24.8%, TOF ratio; 0.937 +/- 0.051 vs. 0.949 +/- 0.067, respectively). CONCLUSION: Long-term phenytoin therapy induces resistance to the neuromuscular blocking effects of mivacurium.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.