We experienced a case of aeute cerebral infaretion after operation. A 74 year old female patient slipped down and received left femoral neck fracture. Preoperatively, orthopedist, internist and anesthesiologist visited and evaluated her but could not find any suspicious symptoms related to cerebral infarction. She have suffered from hypertension and diabetes mellitus for 1Q yrs. She underwent bipolar endoprosthesis under general anesthesia. Postoperatively, she became deep drowsy and revealed respiratory depression, abnormal neurological sign and was diagnosed as acute cerebral infartion on cranial computed tomography and ultimately expired.