Of a total of 11690 operative cases, 2111 patients who received a transfusion during operation were analyzed statistically at the Department of Anesthesiology, Chung-Nam University Hospital from January 1985 to December 1987 according to department, sex, preoperative hemoglobin, blood type, operation time and blood component therapy. The results as follows: 1) The percentage of transfused patients among all operative cases was 18.05 percent. 2) Of all the transfused patients, 477 cases(22.95%) were general surgery cases. 3) Of all the transfused patients, 1187 cases(56.2%) were male. 4) The mean value of hemoglobin measured preoperatively was 10~15g/dl (72.19%). 5) The most frequent cases of transfusion were done in operations requiring 2~3 hours. 6) Blood component therapy was preformed 11 percent in 1985, 26.73 percent in 1986, and 80.72 percent in 1987. The number of cases receiving blood component therapy has tended to increase year by year.