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Korean J Anesthesiol. 1986 Aug;19(4):333-337. Korean. Comparative Study.
Chung GS , Song YK , Kim TY .
Department of Anesthesiology, School of Medicine, Won Kwang University, Iksan, Korea.

Preoxygenation is routine preior to induction of general anesthesia for the purpose of maintaining oxygenation during laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation. A common method of preoxygenation is 3~5 minutes of 100% O2 breathing. In some emergency states, ther may not be adequate time for a full 3~5 min of preoxygenation. REcently, Gold and some others showed that four maximally deep inspirations of 100% O2 within 30 seconds are as effective as 5 minutes of inhaltion of 100% O2 for increasing the PaO2. We compared the changes of arterial blood gas between a group which took deep breaths for 1 minute with 100% O2 and a group breathing spontaneously for 5 minutes with 100% O2.

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