Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is a global pandemic affecting more than 2.9 million people. Aside from opportunistic infections and malignancies, it involves multiple organs, resulting in many complications, and frequently shows various rheumatic manifestations. With improving survival of patients due to the development of highly active anti-retroviral therapy, the number of HIV-infected patients with rheumatic complications is certain to increase. However, reports on HIV induced rheumatic manifestations in Korean patients are limited. On the other hand, spondyloarthropathy is the most common form of inflammatory arthropathy in HIV associated rheumatic manifestations and is frequently accompanied by peripheral arthritis and enthesitis, while axial skeletal involvement is a rare presentation. Herein we report on a 46-year-old man with HIV infection presenting with an axial spondyloarthropathy who was treated successfully with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, sulfasalazine, and low dose steroid.