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J Korean Acad Nurs. 2019 Aug;49(4):472-485. Korean. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.4040/jkan.2019.49.4.472
Kim YS , Tae YS , Jung KI .
Education & Training Team, Dongnam Institute of Radiological & Medical Sciences, Busan, Korea.
College of Nursing, Kosin University, Retired, Busan, Korea.
College of Nursing, Kosin University, Busan, Korea. cgi@kosin.ac.kr
Abstract

Purpose

This study aimed to develop and evaluate the effectiveness of an adapted health literacy self-management intervention for elderly cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy.

Methods

The intervention in this study was systematically developed through the six stages of Intervention Mapping Protocol and was based on Fransen et al's causal pathway model. A quasi-experimental trial was conducted on a total of 52 elderly patients (26 in an experimental group and 26 in a control group) undergoing chemotherapy in Korea. The intervention consisted of seven sessions over 5 weeks. The experimental tool for this study was an adapted health literacy self-management intervention, which was designed to promote a reduction in the symptom experience and distress of elderly cancer patients through the promotion of self-management behavior. To develop efficient educational materials, the participants' health literacy was measured. To educate participants, clear communication and the teach-back method were used. In addition, for the improvement of self-efficacy, four sources were utilized. For the promotion of self-management behavior, five self-management skills were strengthened. Data were collected before and after the intervention from June 4 to September 14, 2018. The data were analyzed with SPSS/WIN 21.0.

Results

Following the intervention, self-management knowledge and behavior and, self-efficacy significantly improved in experimental group. Symptom experience and distress decreased in the experimental group compared to the control group.

Conclusion

The self-management intervention presented in this study was found to be effective in increasing self-management knowledge and behavior and, self-efficacy, and ultimately in reducing symptom experience and distress for elderly patients undergoing chemotherapy.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.