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J Korean Acad Nurs. 2019 Aug;49(4):461-471. Korean. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.4040/jkan.2019.49.4.461
Kim SH , Kim MJ , Kim SH , Kim SY , Park CY , Bang JY .
College of Nursing, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea. suhyun_kim@knu.ac.kr
Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a health promotion program utilizing action planning strategy for young adults.

Methods

A non-equivalent control group pre-post-test design was used. One hundred three university students participated in the study. Participants in the experimental group (n=51) were provided the health promotion program utilizing action planning strategy for five weeks. The program consisted of weekly sessions that included action planning and group feedback. The control group (n=52) was provided with health information every week for 5 weeks. Program outcomes, including self-efficacy, physical activity health behaviors, total exercise time per week, daily cigarette consumption, frequency of alcohol drinking per month, nutritional health behaviors, and subjective health status, were assessed at baseline and at follow-up after 5 weeks.

Results

The participants in the experimental group demonstrated significant increases in self-efficacy, physical activity health behaviors, weekly exercise time, and nutritional health behaviors and significant decreases in daily cigarette consumption than those in the control group.

Conclusion

The health promotion program utilizing action planning strategy is a brief and effective intervention to promote health behaviors among young adults. Further investigation is warranted to assess the program's effectiveness among other age groups and populations at high risk for chronic illness.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.