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J Korean Acad Nurs. 2018 Dec;48(6):679-691. Korean. Original Article.
Kim JN , Jeong SH .
Department of Nursing, Chonbuk National University Hospital, Jeonju, Korea.
College of Nursing·Research Institute of Nursing Science, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Korea.


This study was aimed at identifying the types of perceptions of ethical issues among perioperative nurses.


Q-methodology focusing on individual subjectivity was used with data collected in November 2016. Thirty-four Q-statements were selected and scored by the 35 participants on a 9-point scale with normal distribution. Participants were perioperative nurses working in advanced general hospitals and general hospitals. The data were analyzed using the PC-QUANL program.


total of 35 perioperative nurses were classified into 4 factors based on the following viewpoints: self-centered (type 1), onlooking and avoiding (type 2), patient-centered (type 3), and problem-centered (type 4). The 4 factors accounted for 57.84% of the total variance. Individual contributions of factors 1, 2, 3, and 4 were 41.80%, 7.18%, 5.20%, and 3.66%, respectively.


The major contribution of this study is the clarification of perioperative nurses' subjective perceptions of ethical issues. These findings can be used in formulating effective strategies for nursing educators, professional nurses, and nursing administrators to improve ethical decision-making abilities and to perform ethical nursing care by the appropriate management of ethical issues in everyday nursing practice.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.