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J Korean Acad Nurs. 2018 Dec;48(6):669-678. Korean. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.4040/jkan.2018.48.6.669
Park JH , Chun M , Jung YS , Bae SH , Jung YM .
College of Nursing ยท Research Institute of Nursing Science, Ajou University, Suwon, Korea.
Department of Radiation Oncology, School of Medicine, Ajou University, Suwon, Korea.
Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Ajou University, Suwon, Korea.
Department of Nursing, College of Health Sciences, Cheongju University, Cheongju, Korea. j-dudal@hanmail.net
Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of integrated psychoeducational program for distress management of newly diagnosed patients with breast cancer.

Methods

A quasi-experimental trial was conducted. The participants consisted of 47 female patients with breast cancer assigned to an intervention group (n=25) and control group (n=22). The intervention group participated in integrated psychoeducational program, consisting of individual face-to-face education and telephone-delivered health-coaching sessions. Data were collected at three time points: pre-intervention (T1), post-intervention (T2), and 6-month follow-up (T3). Study instruments were Distress thermometer, Supportive Care Needs Survey Short Form 34 and Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Breast.

Results

Compared with the control group, breast cancer patients in the intervention group reported lower distress and supportive care needs than the control group. The intervention group reported higher quality of life (QOL) overall and higher emotional well-being than the control group.

Conclusion

These findings indicate that the integrated psychoeducational program is an effective intervention for reducing distress and supportive care needs and increasing QOL of newly diagnosed patients with breast cancer. Oncology nurses need to provide psychoeducational intervention to support patients with breast cancer in managing their distress and helping them adjust to their life.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.