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J Korean Acad Nurs. 2018 Aug;48(4):485-496. Korean. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.4040/jkan.2018.48.4.485
Kim EM , Hong S .
CHA Bundang Women's Medical Delivery Care Center, Seongnam, Korea.
College of Nursing, CHA University, Pocheon, Korea. 38hooni@cha.ac.kr
Abstract

Purpose

This study aimed to test the mediating effect of uncertainty appraisal and coping style in the relation between uncertainty and anxiety in hospitalized pregnant women diagnosed with preterm labor.

Methods

The participants were 105 pregnant women diagnosed with preterm labor in hospitals in Korea. Data were collected from July to October 2017. The measurements included the Uncertainty in Illness Scale, Uncertainty Appraisal Scale, Coping Style Scale, and State Anxiety Inventory. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, an independent t-test, correlation, and multiple regression following the Baron and Kenny method and Sobel test for mediation.

Results

The mean score for anxiety was 2.29 out of 4.00 points and for uncertainty it was 2.46 out of 5.00 points. There were significant correlations among uncertainty, uncertainty danger appraisal, uncertainty opportunity appraisal, problem-focused coping, emotion-focused coping, and anxiety. Uncertainty danger appraisal (β=.64, p < .001) had a complete mediating effect in the relation between uncertainty and anxiety (Z=4.54, p < .001). Uncertainty opportunity appraisal (β=−.45, p < .001) had a complete mediating effect in the relation between uncertainty and anxiety (Z=3.28, p < .001). Emotion-focused coping (β=−.23, p=.021) had a partial mediating effect in the relation between uncertainty and anxiety (Z=2.02, p=.044).

Conclusion

Nursing intervention programs focusing on managing uncertainty appraisal and improving emotion-focused coping are highly recommended to decrease anxiety in hospitalized pregnant women diagnosed with preterm labor.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.