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J Korean Acad Nurs. 2018 Aug;48(4):454-464. Korean. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.4040/jkan.2018.48.4.454
Chu HS , Tak YR , Kim SH .
College of Nursing, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea. yrtak@hanyang.ac.kr
Cell Therapy Center for Neurological Disorders, Hanyang University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
Department of Neurology, College of Medicine, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to identify factors influencing psychosocial well-being in family caregivers of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).

Methods

A descriptive correlational design was used. The transactional model of stress and coping was used to investigate the psychosocial well-being of 137 family caregivers of patients with ALS. Data were collected through self-reported questionnaires from January to November 2016. Data were analyzed using an independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, and hierarchical multiple regression analysis with the SPSS WIN 21.0 program.

Results

The regression model had an adjusted R2 of .49, which indicated that meaning-focused coping, social support, ALS patient-family caregiver relationship (especially a spousal relationship), and tracheostomy were significant predictors of caregivers' psychosocial well-being.

Conclusion

Meaning-focused coping and social support significantly influenced caregivers' psychosocial well-being. Therefore, interventions to improve caregivers' psychosocial well-being must focus on increasing meaning-focused coping and social support resources.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.