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J Korean Acad Nurs. 2018 Aug;48(4):407-418. Korean. Original Article.
Lee S , Lee H , Seo H , Jung J .
Department of Nursing, Gimhae College, Gimhae, Korea.
College of Nursing, Pusan National University, Yangsan, Korea.
Ophthalmology, Otolaryngology and Dermatology of Korean Medicine, Pusan National University Korean Medicine Hospital, Yangsan, Korea.
Ophthalmology of Pusan National University Hospital, Yangsan, Korea.


The purpose of this study was to develop an eye-health program based on social learning theory (EPST) of preschoolers and evaluate its effectiveness.


A nonequivalent control group pre-post test design was utilized and 141 six-year-old preschoolers and their parents participated (experimental group=69, control group=72) in the study. The EPST in this study included eye-health education and eye exercises. Attention, memory, replay, motivation, reinforcement, and self-efficacy were used as interventional strategies. To examine the effectiveness of EPST, proficiency in eye-health activities, refractive power, and visual acuity were measured before and after the intervention. Data were analyzed with SPSS WIN 21.0 using the Shapiro-Wilk test, χ²-test, Mann-Whitney U test and Wilcoxon signed rank test.


Following the intervention, eye-health activities, refractive power, and visual acuity significantly improved in the experimental group compared to the control group.


The results of this study suggest that EPST is effective in improving eye-health activities, refractive power, and visual acuity in preschoolers, and its wider implementation in educational institutions will promise improved eye-health among preschoolers.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.