PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to define and clarify the concept of volition for health behavior. METHODS: For this study the process of Walker & Avant’s concept analysis was used. Seventeen studies from electronic data basses met criteria for selection. RESULTS: Volition can be defined by the following attributes: 1) planning, 2) maintenance of self-efficacy, and 3) self regulation. The antecedents of volition consisted of: 1) risk awareness, 2) outcome expectation, 3) perceived self-efficacy, and 4) social support. The consequences occurring as a result of volition were: 1) prevention of disability and complications, 2) improvement of functional ability, and 3) enhencement of quailty of life. CONCLUSION: Definition and attributes of volition identified by this results can be applied to develop measurements and intervention programs for chronic patients health behavior.