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J Korean Acad Nurs. 2015 Dec;45(6):857-867. Korean. Original Article.
Hwang WJ , Park Y .
College of Nursing Science, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea.
East-west Nursing Research Institute, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea.
Department of Nursing, Youngdong University, Youngdong, Korea.

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate individual and organizational level of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors associated with CVD risk in Korean blue-collar workers working in small sized companies. METHODS: Self-report questionnaires and blood sampling for lipid and glucose were collected from 492 workers in 31 small sized companies in Korea. Multilevel modeling was conducted to estimate effects of related factors at the individual and organizational level. RESULTS: Multilevel regression analysis showed that workers in the workplace having a cafeteria had 1.81 times higher CVD risk after adjusting for factors at the individual level (p =.022). The explanatory power of variables related to organizational level variances in CVD risk was 17.1%. CONCLUSION: The results of this study indicate that differences in the CVD risk were related to organizational factors. It is necessary to consider not only individual factors but also organizational factors when planning a CVD risk reduction program. The factors caused by having cafeteria in the workplace can be reduced by improvement in the CVD-related risk environment, therefore an organizational-level intervention approach should be available to reduce CVD risk of workers in small sized companies in Korea.

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