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J Korean Acad Nurs. 2014 Oct;44(5):484-494. Korean. Review.
Choe MA , Kim NC , Kim KM , Kim SJ , Park KS , Byeon YS , Shin SR , Yang S , Lee KS , Lee EH , Lee IS , Lee TW , Cho MO , Kim JH .
College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
College of Nursing, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
Department of Nursing, Semyung University, Jecheon, Korea.
Red Cross College of Nursing, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Korea.
Division of Nursing Science, College of Health Science, Ewha Womans Univeristy, Seoul, Korea.
Department of Nursing, Sahmyook University, Seoul, Korea.
Department of Nursing, Gangneung Wonju Natioanal University, Wonju, Korea.
Graduate School of Public Health, Ajou University, Suwon, Korea.
College of Nursing, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
Department of Nursing, Dongeui University, Busan, Korea.
Korea Human Resource Development Institute for Health & Welfare, Osong, Korea.

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify trends for studies published in the Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing and journals published by member societies from inaugural issues to 2010. METHODS: A total of 6890 studies were analyzed using descriptive statistics. RESULTS: Quantitative studies accounted for 83.6% while qualitative studies accounted for 14.4%. Most frequently used research designs were quasi-experimental (91.1%) for experimental research and survey (85.2%) for non-experimental research. Most frequent study participants were healthy people (35.8%), most frequent nursing interventions, nursing skills (53.5%), and 39.8% used knowledge, attitude and behavior outcomes for dependent variables. Most frequently used keyword was elderly. Survey studies decreased from 1991 to 2010 by approximately 50%, while qualitative studies increased by about 20%. True experimental research (1.2%) showed no significant changes. Studies focusing on healthy populations increased from 2001-2005 (37.5%) to 2006-2010 (41.0%). From 1970 to 2010, studies using questionnaire accounted for over 50% whereas physiological measurement, approximately 5% only. Experimental studies using nursing skill interventions increased from 1970-1980 (30.4%) to 2006-2010 (64.0%). No significant changes were noted in studies using knowledge, attitude and behavior (39.9% ) as dependent variables. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that further expansion of true experimental, qualitative studies and physiological measurements are needed.

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