PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify relationships between compassion fatigue, burnout, and turnover intention in Korean hospital nurses. METHODS: In total, 142 hospital nurses were surveyed as part of data collection. Data related to compassion fatigue, burnout, and turnover intention were collected using a questionnaire between May 2011 and September 2011. The data analysis was performed using PASW 19.0 program, which included one-way ANOVA, independent t-tests, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and hierarchical regression analysis. RESULTS: This study detected a positive correlation between compassion fatigue and burnout(r=.37, p<.001), and turnover intention(r=.55, p<.001). Compassion fatigue accounted for 29.6% of the variance for turnover intention among Korean hospital nurses. CONCLUSION: The results indicate that it is necessary to reduce compassion fatigue, and turnover intention among Korean hospital nurses.