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J Korean Acad Nurs. 2012 Feb;42(1):116-124. Korean. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.4040/jkan.2012.42.1.116
Choi YS , Chae YR .
Gangneung Asan Hospital, Doctoral Student, Department of Nursing, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, Korea.
Department of Nursing, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, Korea. yrchae@kangwon.ac.kr
Abstract

PURPOSE: The study was done to compare effects of two endotracheal tube (ET tube) fixation methods (rotated fixation versus conventional) on unplanned extubation and skin integrity for orally intubated patients in intensive care units. METHODS: The research design was a non-equivalent control group with repeated measures design. Participants were 80 patients; 40 participants assigned to each group. ET tube for the experimental participants fixed with rotated method every morning. Unplanned extubation was assessed by bedside nurses using the unplanned extubation report form. Oral mucosa and facial skin integrity were assessed using oral assessment guide and facial skin integrity assessment guide at day 3, 7, 10 and 14. RESULTS: There was no difference in the unplanned extubation rate between the two groups. Oral mucosa impairment scores for the rotated fixation method were significantly lower at day 7 (p=.044), 10 (p=.048) and day 14 (p=.037). Also facial skin integrity impairment scores for the same group were significantly lower at day 7 (p=.010), 10 (p=.003), and 14 (p=.002). CONCLUSION: Results of the study suggest that the rotated fixation method is effective for these patients, to prevent impairment of oral mucosa and facial skin integrity. Further research is needed to prevent unplanned extubation.

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