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J Korean Acad Nurs. 2010 Aug;40(4):542-550. Korean. Original Article.
Moon MJ .
Department of Nursing, Mokpo Catholic University, Mokpo, Korea.

PURPOSE: This study was done to identify the factors which influence depression for elderly people who live at home. METHODS: The participants were 134 elderly people living at home in M city. Data were collected from April 2 to 30, 2009 and analyzed using SPSS/WIN 12.0 and AMOS 5.0 program. I assumed path coefficients by doing path analysis to understand synthetically causal relationship which influences on depression. RESULTS: Social support, sleep pattern and self esteem had significant direct effects on life satisfaction and accounted for 50% of the total variance in life satisfaction. Physical symptoms, sleep pattern and life satisfaction also had significant direct effects on depression and accounted for 59% of the variance in depression. But social support, self assertiveness and self esteem were not significant for depression. CONCLUSION: These results provide guidance for designing useful strategies to reduce depression in elderly people living at home.

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