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J Korean Acad Nurs. 2008 Feb;38(1):1-10. Korean. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.4040/jkan.2008.38.1.1
Won JS , Kim KH .
Department of Nursing, Eulji University, Seongnam, Korea.
Department of Nursing, Chosun University, Gwangju, Korea. kyeha@chosun.ac.kr
Abstract

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine cognitive functions, depression, and life satisfaction among the elderly receiving visiting nursing services. METHODS: The subjects of this study consisted of 221 elderly individuals who were receiving visiting nursing services from a public health center located in Gyeonggi-do. The Mini-mental State Examination Korea version (MMSE-K), Geriatric Depression Scale-short form-Korea version (GDS-K), and Life Satisfaction Scale were utilized to determine cognitive functions, depression, and life satisfaction. Collected data was analyzed by the SPSS PC Win 12.0 program. RESULTS: The prevalence of cognitive impairment (MMSE-K< or =24) was 86.4%, and the proportion of severe depression (GDS-K> or =10) was 22.6%. Older age, lower education, and low income were associated with cognitive impairment, and low education, no religion, and low income were associated with depression. Cognitive function negatively correlated with depression. Life satisfaction level was fairly low and was not associated with any variables. CONCLUSION: The high prevalence of cognitive impairment and low life satisfaction status were determined among low-income elderly who were registered at a visiting health care center. Thus, in the future at visiting health care services, efficient and various programs for the elderly should be tried, to improve cognitive functions and reduce depression. Additionally, consistent evaluation studies for those programs will be required.

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