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J Korean Acad Nurs. 2007 Aug;37(5):762-771. Korean. Original Article.
Park EY , Seo JM , Ju HO , Lee EN .
Department of Nursing, Daedong College, Korea.
College of Nursing, Pusan National University, Korea.
Department of Nursing, Dong-A University, Korea.

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the reactions of emergency department nurses to violence. METHODS: Q-methodology which provides a method of analyzing the subjectivity of each item was used. Thirty emergency department nurses classified 33 selected Q-statements into a normal distribution using a 9 point scale. The collected data was analyzed using the Quanl PC Program. RESULTS: Three types of reactions to violence were identified. The first type(emotional and physical reactions) showed a sense of regret on the selection of an occupation and emotional and physical reactions such as anxiety, fear, depression, hopelessness, heart palpitations and trembling hands due to the violence. The second type(problem solving) actively coped to prevent the occurrence of violence, grasped the causes of violence and sought out a problem solving plan. The third type(anger reactions) felt a lot of anger against violence, and resented their reality of working under conditions of inadequately secured facilities and systems. CONCLUSION: The emotional and physical reactions type and the anger reactions type should be required to attend educational programs to improve attitudes and abilities to solve the problems in a more active and positive manner.

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