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J Korean Acad Nurs. 2004 Oct;34(6):1057-1068. Korean. Original Article.
Kang HY , Seo NS , Kim YH .
Department of Nursing, Chonnam National University, Chonnam Research Institute of Nursing Science, Korea.
Department of Nursing, Dongshin University, Korea.
Department of Nursing, Wonkwang Health College, Korea.

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to identify the differences of health patterns; health-related characteristics, health behaviors, health problems, and self-care levels of elderly, living alone in an urban area according to age group. METHOD: The study design was a descriptive survey and the subjects were 1,800 elderly consisting of 937 young old, 704 middle old, and 159 old old. Data was collected from May to July 2003 using the structured questionnaire and analyzed by descriptive statistics, Chi2-test, Fisher's exact probability test, ANOVA and Scheffe test using SPSS/PC. RESULT: The health related characteristics which involved body mass index, mental status, use of assistant devices, perceived health, concern of health, and social support were different among the groups and more aggravated by aging. Health behaviors and health problems were also significantly aggravated in the old old group. The self-care levels measured by ADL, physical activity, and self-care ability scores were also significantly decreased in the old old group. CONCLUSION: For the level of health status, health behaviors and self-care ability were significantly decreased by aging, health care services for the elderly should be planned considering the difference in the health pattern by age group.

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