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J Korean Acad Nurs. 2001 Dec;31(7):1210-1216. English. Original Article.
Kim H , Hwang R .
Research Institute of Korean Women's Health Education, Seoul, Korea.
Gwang Ju Women's University, Chonnam Research Institute of Nursing Science, Korea.

The purpose of this study was to examine the correlation between self-efficacy and self -regulation behavior in obese college women. Subjects included 52 college women with a Body Mass Index (BMI) score above 25 at Gwang Ju Women's University. Data was analyzed using SPSS/PC. The frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson Correlation Coefficient tests were used to describe the data and for statistical comparisons. Results of this study showed that the mean scores for general self-efficacy and specific self-efficacy of obese college women were 3.37(1 to 5 point scale) and 60.16 (10 to 100 point scale) respectively. Significant differences for general and specific self-efficacy based on economic status were seen. The mean score for self-regulation behavior of obese college women was 2.55(1 to 5 point scale) with significant differences seen for both economic status and obesity of the mother. General self-efficacy was positively correlated with specific self-efficacy (P=.009) and specific self-efficacy with self-regulation behavior (P=.000). This study revealed the level of self-efficacy and self-regulation behavior, and the positive correlation between specific self-efficacy and self-regulation behavior in obese college women. Intervention is needed to promote selfefficacy for self-regulation behavior of obese college women. Further research needs to focus on the role of health promotion, diet and stress management in developing self-efficacy programs for obese college women.

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