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J Korean Acad Nurs. 1998 Dec;28(4):992-1002. Korean. Original Article.
Shin HS .
Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, KyungHee University, Korea.

This study measures the subjectivity(opinions attitudes)of college women. Identifying the schemata(structure of subjectivity) would be a basic step for the women's health education and the promotion to alternative strategies of women's health nursing. More concretely, these following research questions are focused. 1) The subjective schemata: find out typologies based on the opinions and attitudes toward the health lifestyle. 2) Applications: describe the characteristics of each type. 3) Alternatives: provide suggestion of the promotion to alternative strategies for women's health nursing. Q-Methodological method was used for that purpose. As for the research method, Q-statements were preliminary collected in the study fro through in-depth interviews and a literature review. For the study 36 Q-statements were selected. 33 college women were used as subjects for research. the 33 college women sorted the 36 statements using the principle of forced Normal distribution. The principle of forced Normal Distribution, which has nine scales to measure the individual opinions, was called. Q-Factor Analysis by using PC Quanl Program to supply the material. According to the outcomes of this study, there were three categories of special opinions about the health lifestyle in college women. The first type is called Initiatived Health Management Type. the second type is called Social Activity Centered Type. the third type is called Positive Outlook Type. Through the result of this study, the health lifestyle could be identified by 3 types, therefore the nurses needed to understand each women's meaning to health lifestyle so they could develop the appropriate nursing intervention based the typology of the health lifestyle this study explore. Finally, the result of the study will provide clues for developing a nursing interventional program and alternative strategies for the health promotion lifestyle in college women.

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