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J Korean Acad Nurs. 1998 Dec;28(4):1060-1074. Korean. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.4040/jkan.1998.28.4.1060
Seo YM .
Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, Gyeongsang National University, Korea. rich@healthis.org
Abstract

This study was to find whether the educational program contributed to the increase of knowledge, confidence, and accuracy of behavior in newborn care of the primiparas. The educational program consists of individual lectures, demonstrations, discussion, and practice of newborn care. Also two telephone counseling with the subjects after they are discharged from hospital. This study is a quasi-experimental design using non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design. Data collection was done from July 21 to Oct 4 in 1997. the subjects were selected from 2 general hospitals and 1 university hospital in C city. Subjects were 44 primiparas(control group 22, experimental group 22). they were tested on knowledge, confidence, and accuracy of behavior in newborn care. A pretest was done 2-3 years after vaginal delivery(5-6 days after c-sec delivery). A posttest was done 21-28 day(vaginal delivary, c-sec delivary) after delivery. The instruments used for this study were knowledge scale about newborn care developed by the researcher, Pharis' confidence scale modified by the researcher and accuracy of behavior scale developed by the researcher. Primiparas' knowledge and confidence was tested by questionnaire and Primiparas' accuracy of behavior was tested by structured observational method. Analysis of data was done by using of x2-test, t-test, paired t-test. The results of this study are summarized as follows; 1) Knowledge of the experimental group was significant higher than the control group(t=-4.94, P=.000). 2) Confidence of the experimental group was significant higher than the control group(t=-.262, P=.012). 3) Accuracy of behavior of the experimental group was significant higher than the control group(t=-.969, P=.000). In conclusion, the newborn care education along with intensive telephone counseling shows a significant promotion of newborn care in primiparas. Thus this program can be recommended as an intervention model for the newborn and primiparas.

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