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J Korean Acad Nurs. 1998 Mar;28(1):37-46. Korean. Original Article.
Koo OH .
College of Nursing, Chung-Nam University, Taejon, Korea.

Recently the concept of 'empowerment' not only attracts attention in the area of management but also is considered as an useful concept in the areas of nursing theory, practice, education, and research. The purpose of this paper is to clarify the meaning of the concept 'empowerment'. More concretely, it is to find the concept that can be applied appropriately to the area of nursing management. This study uses Walker and Avant's(1983) process of concept analysis. The attributes of empowerment based on the concept can be defined concisely as follows: 1. a dynamic and interaction process. 2. a partnership which values self and others : power shaving. 3. mutual decision-making using resources, opportunities, and authority 4. accept autonomy and responsibility Antecedents of empowerment consist of 1) mutual trust and respect, 2) education and support, 3) participation and commitment. In regard to the consequences of empowerment, it is expected to 1) positive self-esteem, 2) ability to sex and reach goals, 3) the promotion of organization's effectiveness and productivity, 4) provide effective and high quality health-care, 5) a sense of hope for the future. The concept of empowerment is certainly believed that it will help future nurses since they needs an integrated technique that can treat acute and chronic patients' nursing, individuals, families, and communities. Therefore, it is necessary to develop the instrument including the defining attributes identified in this study. Also, it is need follow up study of this concept.

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