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Tuberc Respir Dis. 2019 Jul;82(3):227-233. English. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.4046/trd.2018.0070
Park HY , Oh IJ , Kho BG , Kim TO , Shin HJ , Park CK , Kwon YS , Kim YI , Lim SC , Kim YC , Choi YD .
Department of Internal Medicine, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea. droij@jnu.ac.kr
Lung and Esophageal Cancer Clinic, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, Hwasun, Korea.
Department of Pathology, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea.
Abstract

Background

Programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1), a transmembrane protein, binds to the programmed death-1 (PD-1) receptor, and anti-PD-1 therapy enables immune responses against tumors. This study aimed to assess clinical characteristics of PD-L1 expression using immunohistochemistry among Korean patients with lung cancer.

Methods

We retrospectively reviewed the data of patients with pathologically proven lung cancer from a single institution. PD-L1 expression determined by Tumor Proportion Score (TPS) was detected using 22C3 pharmDx (Agilent Technologies) and SP263 (Ventana Medical Systems) assays.

Results

From July 2016 to July 2017, 267 patients were enrolled. The main histologic type was adenocarcinoma (69.3%). Most participants were smokers (67.4%) and had clinical stage IV disease (60.7%). In total, 116 (42%) and 58 (21%) patients had TPS ≥1% and ≥50%, respectively. The patients were significantly older in TPS ≥1% group than in TPS <1% group (64.83±9.38 years vs. 61.73±10.78 years, p=0.014), not in TPS ≥50% cutoff value (64.69 ± 9.39 vs. 62.36 ± 10.51, p= 0.178). Regarding histologic grade, higher proportions of poorly differentiated tumor were observed in the TPS ≥1% (40.8% vs. 25.8%, p=0.020) and TPS ≥50% groups (53.2% vs. 27.2%, p=0.004). Among 34 patients examined with 22C3 and SP263 assays, 27 had positive results in both assays, with a cutoff of TPS ≥1% (r=0.826; 95% confidence interval, 0.736–0.916).

Conclusion

PD-L1 expression, defined as TPS ≥1%, was related to older age and poorly differentiated histology. There was a similar distribution of PD-L1 expression in both 22C3 and SP263 results.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.