Dysphagia is one of the common symptoms that are encountered in clinical practice. However, dysphagia is still crucial and must be thoroughly investigated because it may be a key symptom of several malignancies. There are two types of dysphagia, oropharyngeal and esophageal dysphagia. Esophageal dysphagia can be caused by esophageal neuromuscular motility disorder, various inflammatory disorders, and also extrinsic or intrinsic structural lesions such as esophageal cancer. This article focuses on malignant esophageal dysphagia, including its causes, risk factors, clinical symptoms, and management.