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J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs. 2019 Jun;28(2):190-204. Korean. Randomized Controlled Trial.
Lee J , Kim H , Lim S .
Staff Nurse, Severance Hospital · Master's Student, College of Nursing, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
Assistant Professor, College of Nursing · Mo-Im Kim Nursing Research Institute, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
Staff Nurse, Severance Hospital · Doctoral Student, College of Nursing, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.


The purpose of this study was to review intervention programs for experienced nurses' job stress and mental health.


Searches of literature were conducted through four electronic databases (RISS, KISS, PubMed, and CINAHL), focusing on the recent 5-year publications in English or Korean. Thirteen studies were selected for the final analysis and Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network checklist was used to assess methodological rigor and quality.


Randomized controlled trials were used in five studies and quasi-experimental designs in eight studies. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and group approach were the most frequent types of interventions in six and nine studies respectively. On average, the intervention was required for eight weeks and 60~120 minutes per session. After evaluating the effects of CBT, complementary alternative therapy, informative training, simulation training and stimuli control, most of the tested interventions reduced experienced nurses' job stress and improved mental health, but informative training did not.


Despite the obvious importance of experienced nurses in quality of nursing care, it has not been well studied due to limited numbers of studies with less rigorous design. Study findings provide a basis for developing intervention programs to reduce job stress and improve mental health for experienced nurses.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.