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J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs. 2019 Jun;28(2):144-155. Korean. Original Article.
Kim J .
Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Kaya University, Gimhae, Korea.


The purpose of this study was to identify the moderating effect of social support on the relationship between violence experiences and violence responses of psychiatric nurses.


In this descriptive study, 211 psychiatric nurses were recruited from twelve psychiatric hospitals. A structured self-report questionnaire was used to measure the study variables. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and a series of multiple linear regression analyses based on Baron and Kenny's method with the SPSS 24.0 program.


Violence responses positively correlated with violence experiences (r=.15, p=.031), but negatively correlated with social support (r=−.25, p<.001). Social support was a significant variable on violence responses (β=−.26, p<.001). Social support did not moderate effect (β=−.06, p=.377). However family support was significant in controlling emotional responses to psychiatric nurses' experience of verbal violence (β=−.15, p=.027). Friends support was significant in controlling social responses to psychiatric nurses experienced verbal violence (β=−.14, p=.041).


Our study findings indicate a need to provide social support for preventing and alleviating violence responses of psychiatric nurses.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.