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J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs. 2019 Jun;28(2):133-143. Korean. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.12934/jkpmhn.2019.28.2.133
Bae MN , Lee M , Park S , Lee EJ .
Vice-director, Incheon Metropolitan City Suicide Prevention Center, Incheon, Korea.
Professor, Department of Nursing, Inha University, Incheon, Korea.
Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Inha University, Incheon, Korea.
Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, Inha University, Incheon, Korea. eunjinlee@inha.ac.kr
Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to examine the association of multiple addiction risks with life satisfaction, depression, and suicidal ideation in Korean adults.

Methods

This study was descriptive correlational. Data were collected in 800 adults (405 males, 395 females) aged 20 to 69 years recruited using the proportional allocation in a city on April 2017. The structured questionnaire consisted of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test, the Internet Addiction Proneness Scale for adults, the Problem Gambling Severity Index, the Drug Screening Inventory, the Korean version of the Satisfaction with the Life Scale, the Patient Health Questionnaire-9, and the Scale for Suicidal Ideation.

Results

Adults with multiple addiction risks had a low level of life satisfaction (p=.003) and high levels of depression and suicidal ideation (p<.001) compared to other participants. Multiple addiction risks were associated with low life satisfaction (β=.12), high depression (β=.21), and suicidal ideation (β=.20). Significant factors of life satisfaction were low suicidal ideation, a simple functioning job, high level of education, and unemployment status.

Conclusion

Multiple addiction risks are associated with life satisfaction, depression, and suicidal ideation. The comprehensive mental health assessment for multiple addictions should precede the development of preventive multidimensional interventions.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.