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Korean J Stroke. 2011 Dec;13(3):147-151. Korean. Case Report.
Ryu DW , Lee SB , Han S , Kim BS , Park HE , Bae DW , Koo J .
Department of Neurology, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Department of Radiology, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Previous studies have shown that patients with tandem occlusions involving extracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) and middle cerebral artery (MCA) have lower likelihood of recanalization by standard intravenous thrombolytic therapy. A 70-years-old man with a history of hypertension was admitted because of left hemiplegia and drowsiness which developed 47 minutes ago. On neurologic examination, he was drowsy and showed neglect syndrome as well as left hemiplegia. Brain CT angiography showed tandem occlusions at right extracranial ICA and proximal MCA. The administration of intravenous (IV) tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) did not improve his symptoms. We performed angioplasty and stenting for proximal ICA occlusion followed by mechanical thrombolysis for MCA occlusion. After the endovascular treatment, the MCA was recanalized and the patient recovered to show only mild left side weakness. This case shows successful treatment of hyperacute ischemic infarction from tendem occlusion of right MCA and proximal ICA with endovascular treatment following IV tPA thrombolysis.

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