Motor learning is defined as a relatively permanent change in the capability for skilled motor performance as a result of practice or experience. Neurorehabilitation is fundamentally a process of motor learning or re-learning with a disrupted neural network. There are many theory models to explain learning and performance. Recent studies demonstrate motor learning is associated with neuronal plasticity. In a viewpoint of motor learning, neurorehabilitation should be geared towards an active and task-specific treatment.