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Clin Orthop Surg. 2018 Mar;10(1):74-79. English. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.4055/cios.2018.10.1.74
Jang HS , Lee YH , Kim MB , Chung JY , Seok HS , Baek GH .
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. orthoyhl@snu.ac.kr
Abstract

Background

A skin defect of the hand and wrist is a common manifestation in industrial crushing injuries, traffic accidents or after excision of tumors. We reconstructed a skin defect in the ulnar aspect of the hand and wrist with a perforator-based propeller flap from the ulnar artery. The aims of our study are to evaluate the utility and effectiveness of this flap and to discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the flap in hand and wrist reconstruction with a review of the literature.

Methods

Between April 2011 and November 2016, five cases of skin defect were reconstructed with a perforator-based propeller flap from the ulnar artery. There were four males and one female. The age of patients ranged from 36 to 73 years. Skin defect sites were on the dorso-ulnar side of the hand in three cases and palmar-ulnar side of the wrist in two cases. The size of the skin defect ranged from 4 × 3 cm to 8 × 5 cm. We evaluated the viability of the flap, postoperative complication and patient's satisfaction.

Results

There was no failure of flap in all cases. The size of the flap ranged from 4 × 4 cm to 12 × 4 cm. One patient, who had a burn scar contracture, presented with limited active and passive motion of the wrist after the operation. The other patients had no complications postoperatively. Cosmetic results of the surgery were excellent in one patient, good in three patients, and fair in one patient.

Conclusions

The fasciocutaneous propeller flap based on a perforating branch of the ulnar artery is a reliable treatment option for the ulnar side skin defect of the hand and wrist.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.