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J Korean Acad Periodontol. 2000 Jun;30(2):455-470. Korean. Original Article.
Lee SC , Chung CH , Yim SB .
Department of Periodontology, College of Dentistry, Dan-kook National University, Korea.

Instrumentation for periodontal therapy may induce marginal damage which increases plaque accumulation and result in periodontal disease. But there have not been many reports of instrumentations on the artificial crown so far. Therefore this study is conducted to evaluate the effects of various repeated instrumentations on the porcelain crown marginal portion. Of the 10 extracted periodontally diseased maxillary first premolars, were 12 proximal surface used in this study. The finishing line of the preparation was placed on the root surface below CEJ and then the crown was cast and cemented in usual manner. Every 4 surfaces of the 3 instruments-curet, ultrasonic scaler, and ultrasonic curet- is used. and four samples used in each instruments. The relevant procedures and measurements were repeated 3 times in each surfaces. Marginal gap is measured by the microscope and surface roughness, Scannig Probe Microscope. Measurements are made at 5 points in each surfaces, making 20 points in each instrument. The results evaluated statistically were as follows 1. As instrumentation was repeated, both marginal gap and roughness were increased in all group 2. In the hand curet, marginal gap was increased every instrumentation and roughness was increased after second. 3. In the ultrasonic scaler, both marginal gap and roughness were increased every instrumentation. 4. In the ultrasonic curet, marginal gap was increased after third instrumentation and roughness was increased after second. 5. Marginal gap and roughness used by the ultrasonic curet were lower than the others and no difference was seen between the hand curet and ultrasonic scaler From the results of this study, the ultrasonic curet was useful in some aspect, but careful instrumentation was needed. Furthermore it was important to minimize the instrumentation through complete periodontal therapy before setting and adequate plaque control.

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