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J Korean Hip Soc. 2010 Sep;22(3):189-196. Korean. Original Article.
Cho YJ , Kwak SJ , Chun YS , Rhyu KH , Ko TS , Yoo MC .
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea.

PURPOSE: We wanted to evaluate the mid-term results of revision total hip arthroplasty using a fully porous-coated long stem. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective series of 20 hips in 19 patients who underwent stem revision with a fully porous-coated long stem were evaluated at a mean follow-up of 64.6 months. The causes of revision were aseptic loosening, periprosthetic fracture and infected arthroplasty. Four kinds of implants had previously been used and an additional bone graft procedure had been done in 17 cases. The Harris hip scores, thigh pain, limping and ROM were reported. Radiological changes of the radiolucent signs, subsidence, loosening and the stress shielding signs were evaluated. RESULTS: The Harris hip score improved from an average of 56.5 to 91.9 and the ROMs were satisfactory. The only case with persistent thigh pain showed stable bony ingrowth. No signs of subsidence or loosening of the stem was found in all the cases. There were 2 cases of periprosthetic fracture. None of the patients experienced re-revision surgery. CONCLUSION: The mid-term results of revision hip arthroplasty using a fully porous coated long stem have demonstrated that it provides a reliable initial fixation with a propensity for stable longevity. It is relatively easy for the techniques, and there is the opportunity to restore the bone stock by bone-grafting procedures with diaphyseal fixation and bypassing a bone defect. Yet alternative techniques may be required for the femur with extensive diaphyseal bone loss. There are some concerns about the technique and the possibility of making a crack in the femur during the operation, which will cause thigh pain at the follow-up. So, only by employing great caution when performing this technique can successful results be guaranteed.

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