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J Korean Oncol Nurs. 2011 Nov;11(3):221-228. Korean. Original Article.
Kim YS , Tae YS .
Dongnam inst. of Radiological & Medical Sciences Cancer Center, Busan, Korea.
College of Nursing, Kosin University, Busan, Korea.

PURPOSE: This study was aimed to identify the influencing factors on the quality of life among breast cancer survivors. METHODS: The subjects were 159 female patients who visited out-patient department (OPD) after the mass removal surgery for breast cancer and had completed adjuvant treatments such as chemotherapy, radiation therapy at a university hospital and a general hospital. Data collection was conducted using the Ferrell QOL scale, the Mishel uncertainty scale, the Fitts & Osgoods body image scale revised by Jeon & Kim. the Rosenberg self-esteem scale, and the Kang family support scale. RESULTS: The level of QOL in the participants was in the middle. There were a significant correlation between QOL, uncertainty, self-esteem, and family support. There were significant differences in QOL with the perceived health condition and the best support person. In a regression analysis, the most powerful predictor of QOL was body image (21.7%). Altogether uncertainty and perceived health condition explained 28.6% of the variance of QOL of the participants. CONCLUSION: Body image, uncertainty, and perceived health condition were important predictors of QOL. These results demonstrated the need for developing interventions to improve QOL of breast cancer survivors.

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