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J Korean Soc Microsurg. 2012 May;21(1):41-49. Korean. Original Article.
Lee YK , Park CI , Lee JM .
Dason Orthopedic Clinic, Jeonju, Korea.
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Chonbuk National University Medical School and Research Institute of Clinical Medicine, Jeonju, Korea. junmolee@jbnu.ac.kr
Abstract

PURPOSE: To report clinical appearances and the outcomes of patients treated for wrist laceration with suicidal intent. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between March 2005 and February 2008, patients with wrist laceration were treated at our center. Among them, 14 patients with suicidal intent were reviewed retrospectively. They were 8 females and 6 males with a mean age of 33 years at the time of treatment. The side of injured wrist, injured structures, suicidal instrument, the time of injury, a suicidal motive, drug or alcohol abuse or not, indication of combined psychiatric disease, the duration of postoperative treatment, and the results of treatment were analyzed. RESULTS: The injured wrist was the left one in 13 cases (93%), and knife wounds in 11 cases (79%) was the most frequent mechanism of injury. An average of 4.6 structures were injured including 3.5 tendons, 0.57 nerves and 0.5 arteries. The most frequently injured structures were the palmaris longus (71%), FCU (50%), FCR (43%), FDS 3 (36%), FDS 2, median nerve, and ulnar artery (each 29%). Simultaneous injury of both median and ulnar nerves occurred in 3 cases (21%), and simultaneous injury of both radial and ulnar artery occurred in 1 case (7%). The injury time was the night in 12 cases (86%), and the most frequent suicidal motive was human relations such as lover or spouse in 12 cases (86%). In 9 cases (64%), the injured were in a drunken state, 3 cases (21%) had been treated for a psychiatric disease at the time of the injury. The durations of postoperative treatment were an average of 5 days of admission and 1 day follow up. Only 1 case results could be evaluated. CONCLUSIONS: Patient's poor compliance in wrist laceration with suicidal intent should be expected and these characteristics may affect the management plan.

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