Journal Browser Advanced Search Help
Journal Browser Advanced search HELP
Korean J Orthod. 1993 Jun;23(2):199-216. Korean. Original Article.
Yoo KW , Kim SC , Kook YA .
Department of Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, Wonkwang University, Korea.
Abstract

The purpose of this study was to quantify the biologic effects of the tensile forces from helical springs across the maxillary incisors on the periodontal tissues of rats. 39 Sprague-Dawlely rats were divided into a control group(3 rats) and three experimental groups(36 rats)-group 1, pressured with a light force(50-75g), group 2, with a heavy force(250-300g) and group 3, with a heavy force(250-300g) plus laser irradiation. Autoradiographic and histopathologic observations were performed in 12, 24, 48 and 96 hours after force application. The result were as follow: 1. Hyalinized zone of periodontal ligament began to appear at pressure side in 12 hours in group 2 and group 3 ; all decreased in 96 hours except in group 2. 2. Alveolar bone resorption began to appear in 12 hours in group 2 and group 3 ; Group 2 showed more resorption than group 1 and no difference to group 3. 3. Tearing of periodontal ligament and vascular dilatation began to appear at tension side in 12 hours in all groups ; Group 2 showed more changes than group 1 and no difference to group 3 ; Decrease began to appear in 96 hours. 4. New bone formation began to appear at tension side in 12 hours and increased more and more; No differences were shown of groups 5. New capillary proliferation began to appear at pressure side in 12 hours; The changes were the greatest in group 3, group 2, group 1, in that order. 6. Positive reaction of cells to [3H]-thymidine was the greatest in 24 hours of all groups and decreased with times ; Group 2 showed more reaction than group 1 and no difference to group 3.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.