The goal of surgical correction for hallux valgus is to achieve a painless, shoe-wearable, and relatively straight toe with a balanced joint motion that results in aesthetically and functionally satisfactory toe. To date, there has not been a consensus on the ultimate surgical procedure for hallux valgus correction. Unfortunately, such a consensus may be difficult since it is not uncommon to encounter complications after hallux valgus correction. Postoperative soft tissue complications include difficult wound healing, infection, hypertrophy, or pain of the scar, joint stiffness, and tendon or sensory nerve damage. Postoperative bony complications include malunion, nonunion, failure of fixation, failure of angle correction, recurred deformity, osteomyelitis, and failure of balance between the metatarsal heads. Herein, we review common complications after surgical correction of hallux valgus, such as stiff joint, bony complications, recurrence of the deformity, and hallux varus.