An unstable second metatarsophalangeal joint may produce pain in the forefoot. Plication of stretched lateral ligament and capsule and transfer of the extensor digitorum brevis under the transverse intermetatarsal ligament performed as the primary procedure to stabilize this painful joint. But the pain was not subsided and the proximal phalanx was resubluxated. So, we osteotomized the second metatarsal to restore a normal alignment of the second toe. Then the symptom was subsided. We report a case of painful instability of the metatarsophalangeal joint of the second toe.