Acute suppurative thyroiditis is a rare because of high resistance to bacterial infection of thyroid gland, which is rich vascularity and lymphatic drainage, a high iodine content and complete encapsulation. The common clinical manifestations are fever, neck pain and localized mass of thyroid area. This thyroiditis is more common in left thyroid lobe. The most important causal microorganism are staphylococci and streptococci, with frequent isolation of mixed flora and anaerobes. Diagnosis was easily made by typical clinical manifestation, ultrasonography, thyroid imaging and fine needle aspiration. Treatment usually consist of appropriate antibiotic therapy and surgical drainage when abscess formation develops. We report a typical case of acute suppurative thyroiditis in 1 year old female infant with brief review of literatures.