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Korean J Phys Anthropol. 2016 Dec;29(4):135-143. Korean. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.11637/kjpa.2016.29.4.135
Jung H , Woo EJ , Pak S .
Department of Anthropology, University at Buffalo, SUNY, USA.
Division in Anatomy & Developmental Biology, Department of Oral Biology, BK21 PLUS Project, Yonsei University College of Dentistry, Korea.
Bioanthropology Lab, Department of Anthropology, College of Social Sciences, Seoul National University, Korea. suny@snu.ac.kr
Abstract

In this study, the pattern of bilateral asymmetry in the eye orbit and nose of the Joseon Dynasty skeletal group was analyzed using geometric morphometrics. For this, 38 adult males and 38 adult females from the Joseon Dynasty skeletal group belonging to the 15(th) to early 20(th) centuries were examined. For geometric morphometric analysis, Procrustes superimposition was performed on 10 landmarks in both eye orbits and 7 nasal landmarks. The data were analyzed by multivariate analysis of variance with partial least square scores. In results, the lateral landmarks had more impact on the bilateral asymmetry in the eye orbit and nose than the center landmarks. The eye orbit and nose on the right side of the face seemed bigger than those of the left side, while the direction of asymmetry in the eye orbit and nose was different. The correlation between asymmetry patterns in the eye orbit and nose were statistically significant (p<0.01). The results of this study will be useful for examining causes of bilateral asymmetry in the eye orbits and noses of the Korean population.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.