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Korean J Phys Anthropol. 2006 Sep;19(3):165-178. Korean. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.11637/kjpa.2006.19.3.165
Ahn DC , Chun SH , Seo YK , Jeon SK , Park HJ , Lee SW , Sim JH , Paik DJ .
Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, College of Medicine, Hanyang University, Korea. paikdj@hanyang.ac.kr
Department of Veterinary Medicine, School of Veterinary Medicine, Kwangwon National University, Korea.
Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Kangwon National University, Korea.
Abstract

This study was aimed to elucidate the effects of K(ATP) activation during IPC on the PKC-epsilon, NF-kappaB and AP-1 in ischemia-reperfused rat hearts. SD male rats weighting from 300 to 350 g were split into 9 groups, such as sham control (S), IPC, 3 cycles of 5 min ischemia and 5 min reperfusion, continuous preconditioning (CP), 8 cycles of 5 min ischemia and 5 min reperfusion, K(ATP) opening (KO) with pinacidil (1.0 mg/kg), K(ATP) blocking with glibenclamide (1.0 mg/kg) injection, ischemia (IS), 30 min ischemia, IPC followed by IS, 8) K(ATP) blocking and IPC followed by IS (KB+IPC+IS), IS and K(ATP) opening (KO+IS). Heart were subjected to ligation of left descending coronary artery and reperfusion in groups of IPC, CP, IS with or without IPC. Immunohistochemistry and Western blotting for PKC-epsilon, NF-kappaB and AP-1 were performed at 3, 6, 24 hours after reperfusion or treatment. Immunoreactivities against PKC-epsilon antibody were observed stronger in the groups of IPC, KO, IPC+IS and KO+IS than groups of KB, IS and KB+IPC+IS. NF-kappaB activation and translocation were only observed in the groups of including 30 min ischemia and reperfusion. AP-1 activation and translocation were opposite to the results of PKC-epsilon activation. In the group of CP, KB, IS and KB+IPC+IS, reactivities of AP-1 antibody were stronger than IPC+IS, KO+IS, and weaker in the groups of S, IPC and KO. These results suggest that K(ATP) opening with IPC or pharmacological methods may direct effect on the PKC-epsilon activation and that K(ATP) blocking has effect on the AP-1 activation and translocation in the heart of ischemiareperfused of rats.

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