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Korean J Community Nutr. 2018 Dec;23(6):525-537. Korean. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.5720/kjcn.2018.23.6.525
Kim JS , Ahn SH , Son SM .
Department of Clinical Nutrition, Research Institute & Hospital, National Cancer Center, Goyang 10408, Korea, Internship.
Department of Food and Nutrition, The Catholic University of Korea, Bucheon, Korea, Instructor.
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, The Catholic University of Korea, Bucheon, Korea, Professor. sonsm@catholic.ac.kr
Abstract

Objectives

This study was conducted to examine the relationship between white rice and Kimchi intakes and the risk of metabolic syndrome (Mets) in Korean adults.

Methods

Dietary intake and health data of 8289 subjects aged 19 years and over from the 2013–2015 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) were used. Daily total intake of white rice and Kimchi was assessed by 24-hour recall data. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to estimate the risk of Mets according to the daily intake of white rice and Kimchi.

Results

The highest intake of white rice and Kimchi was associated with a higher risk of metabolic syndrome (Q1 vs Q5, multivariable adjusted OR=1.45, 95% CI: 1.03–2.03) in women. In addition, a significantly increased risk of elevated blood pressure (multivariable adjusted P for trend 0.0459) was associated with a higher intake of white rice and Kimchi in women. There was no significant trend in the risk of metabolic syndrome according to the intake of white rice and Kimchi in men.

Conclusions

A higher intake of white rice and Kimchi was only associated with an increased risk of metabolic syndrome in women indicating it is necessary to consume more various food groups beside white rice and Kimchi, especially in women.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.