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Korean J Clin Microbiol. 2008 Oct;11(2):90-97. Korean. Original Article.
Kim CK , Yum JH , Yong D , Jeong SH , Lee K , Chong Y .
Korean Institute of Tuberculosis, The Korean National Tuberculosis Association, Seoul, Korea.
Department of Biomedical Laboratory Science, Dong-Eui University College of Natural Science, Busan, Korea.
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Research Institute of Bacterial Resistance, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

BACKGROUND: Clinical isolates of AmpC beta-lactamase- producing Enterobacteriaceae were evaluated to determine the prevalence of CTX-M extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) and their genetic environments. METHODS: A total of 250 non-duplicate isolates of Eneterobacter aerogenes, E. cloacae, Citrobacter freundii, Serratia marcescens and Morganella morganii were collected at a Korean hospital. ESBL production was determined by double disk synergy test. For ESBL producers, bla genes were sequenced and blaCTX-M environment was characterized by PCR mapping and sequencing. RESULTS: Among the 250 isolates 29 (11.6%) produced ESBL, and 14 of the 29 isolates produced CTX-M ESBLs, including CTX-M-9 by 8 isolates, CTX-M-3 by 4 isolates, CTX-M-12 by 1 isolate, and CTX-M-14 by 1 isolate. ISEcp1 was present upstream of blaCTX-M-3, 12, and 14. Three of the four CTX- M-3 producers had the same genetic environment (pemK-ISEcp1-blaCTX-M-3-orf477-mucA). An IS903-like element was found downstream of blaCTX-M-14. ISCR1 was identified upstream of blaCTX-M-9 and ISCR1 and blaCTX-M-9 were located on sul1-type class 1 integron. The variable region between the 5'-CS and the first 3'-CS contained dfrA16 and aadA2. Its structure was similar to that of In60, but our isolates did not have IS3000 or second 3'-CS. CONCLUSION: CXT-M type ESBL was prevalent in AmpC beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae, particularly E. cloacae. blaCTX-M genes were associated with ISEcp1 or ISCR1. This is the first report on the genetic environment of blaCTX-M in Korean isolates.

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