Journal Browser Advanced Search Help
Journal Browser Advanced search HELP
Korean J Clin Microbiol. 2008 Oct;11(2):107-111. Korean. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.5145/KJCM.2008.11.2.107
Kang JO , Shin BM , Han D , Choi TY .
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. jokang@hanyang.ac.kr
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Sanggye Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Department of Internal Medicine, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Since the emergence of variant Clostridium difficile strains that fail to produce detectable toxin A, diagnostic kits targeted to detect toxin A only showed a considerable rate of false negative results. The aim of this study was to evaluate a toxins A and B (toxins A/B) detection kit recently marketed in Korea, and to compare toxin positive rates before and after introduction of the new kit. METHODS: The results of 5,783 toxin A assays performed during the 7-year period from 2001 through 2007 were analyzed and compared them to the toxins A/B assay data of 519 samples obtained from January to June 2008 in a university hospital. An enzyme-linked fluorescent immunoassay for toxins A/B (VIDAS C. difficile Toxin A & B, bioMerieux SA, France: VIDAS CDAB) and PCR for toxin genes A/B were performed directly in 102 stool samples from hospitalized patients. RESULTS: The positive rates of toxin A assays tended downward annually from 2001 to 2007 (16.3%, 17.8%, 13.9%, 11.4%, 13.8%, 8.2%, and 5.8%, respectively), but increased to 12.1% in 2008 after changing to the toxin A/B detection kit. The concordant rate of the VIDAS CDAB kit with the PCR method was 82.4%. Compared to the PCR method, the sensitivity and specificity of the toxin A/B kit were 60.7% and 90.5% respectively. CONCLUSION: Testing kits for C. difficile toxin A only could result in a misdiagnosis more frequently than the testing kit for toxins A/B. The sensitivity of the newly launched toxin A/B detection kit from bioMerieux SA needs to be improved, but it showed a good specificity

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.