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Korean J Women Health Nurs. 2019 Mar;25(1):73-85. Korean. Original Article.
Oh EJ , Kim MJ .
Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Choonhae College of Health Science, Ulsan, Korea.
Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, Pukyong National University, Busan, Korea.


To determine whether maternal attitude toward sex during pregnancy and health-related quality of life could influence sexual function of pregnant women.


In this study, 138 second and third trimester pregnant women completed self-report questionnaires during their visits to women's hospitals or community health centers to assess their general characteristics, attitude toward sex during pregnancy (PIES-M), health-related quality of life (EQ-5D), and sexual function (FSFI-6K). Multiple regression analysis was performed to test the research model with SPSS version 23.


Pregnant women who had discontinued their sexual life after recognizing their pregnancy accounted for 27.5% of women questioned. The average sexual function score of pregnant women was higher in the second trimester than the third trimester. Attitude toward sex during pregnancy (β=−.38, p< .001), maintaining sexual life (β=.20, p=.028), health-related quality of life (β=.18, p=.030), and adverse symptoms during sex (β=.18, p=.042) were determinants of sexual function during pregnancy.


Nurses in antenatal care units need to help pregnant women maintain a positive attitude toward sexual activity during pregnancy and manage their health-related quality of life to maintain their sexual life during pregnancy.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.