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Korean J Women Health Nurs. 2019 Mar;25(1):19-30. Korean. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.4069/kjwhn.2019.25.1.19
Jeong GH , Kim KW , Baik S .
Professor, Division of Nursing, Hallym University Chuncheon, Korea.
Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, Daegu Haany University, Daegu, Korea. kyungwok@dhu.ac.kr
Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, Baekseok University, Cheonan, Korea.
Abstract

Purpose

To identify needs for pregnancy and postpartum adaptation of Chinese immigrant women and Vietnamese immigrant women in South Korea.

Methods

A descriptive research design was employed. Data were collected from 244 Chinese immigrant women and Vietnamese immigrant women from 3 provinces, 20 health care centers, and multi-cultural family support centers. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, t-test and ANOVA.

Results

An average score for needs perceived by Chinese immigrant women was significantly higher than that perceived by Vietnamese immigrant women. There were significantly differences in physical and emotional adaptation after childbirth, nutrition during pregnancy, cross cultural understanding and personal respect, and adaptation daily activity during pregnancy between the 2 groups. The highest score of needs in Chinese immigrant women was for nutrition during pregnancy and that in Vietnamese immigrant women was for baby rearing and family support.

Conclusion

Based on needs of pregnancy and postpartum adaption, nursing intervention program in consideration of cultural characteristics of Chinese immigrant women and Vietnam immigrant women need to be developed for their pregnancy and postpartum health care.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.