PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify predictors of HPV (Human papillomavirus) vaccination among female university students. METHODS: The participants in this study were 1,486 female university students. Data were collected using self-administered questionnaire from september 1, 2010 to June 30, 2011. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics, t-test, chi2-test and logistic regression. RESULTS: The rate of HPV vaccination was 7.2%. Factors that influence HPV vaccination included residential region, smoking experience, family history of cervical cancer, experience having heard about the HPV vaccination, awareness that HPV is a sexual disease, HPV knowledge, perceived seriousness, perceived benefit and perceived barrier in health beliefs. CONCLUSION: The results suggest a need to increase HPV vaccination campaigns to increase awareness of HPV vaccination. University and health care facilities should provide health education emphasizing perceived seriousness and perceived benefits. Also, the national health insurance corporation should consider addressing cost issues as a barrier to HPV vaccination.